What is a Will?
A document which directs how a persons estate will be distributed once they are deceased.
A supplement or addition to a will, not necessarily disposing of the entire estate but modifying, explaining, or otherwise qualifying the Will in some way. When admitted to probate, the codicil becomes a part of the Will.
A Will should be reviewed if:
An instrument, by which a person states their intention to refuse any medical treatment. It would release the healthcare providers of all liability if the person should become both incapacitated and unable to communicate such a refusal.
You should keep the original Will document in a safe place where it will be easy to find after you die. It is a good idea to tell some one where to find your important papers in the event of your death. It is not a good idea to make copies of your will.
- Keep in a fireproof safe at home , or
- Place in SAFEKEEPING at the County Clerk's Office. There is a one time small fee for this service. The Will remains secured in a vault until you claim the document or until an authorized person claims it, upon your death, in order to probate the Will.
- Put in a SAFE DEPOSIT BOX at a financial institution. When putting your will in a safe deposit box you need to list additional persons that you would like to access your safe deposit box to withdraw your Will for the purpose of distribution of your estate. If you do not have anyone listed on the safe deposit account they will not be able to withdraw the will without a COURT ORDER from the court.
INTESTATE is one who has died without a valid will.
PROBATE is a process of distributing someone's property after his or her death. It provides an orderly way to transfer real and personal property. The probate process may be used whether someone has left a will or not. Probate of an estate without a will requires more court intervention.
TESTATOR is one who has died with a legally valid Will.
A DISTRIBUTEE is a beneficiary entitled to payment. An heir, one who obtains personal property from the estate of an intestate decedent.
The distributees of the estate of a decedent who dies intestate are entitled to file a Small Estate if assets, exclusive of homestead and exempt property, exceed the known liabilities of said estate, exclusive of liabilities secured by homestead and exempt property. In such case the distributees can file the Small Estate when:
- No petition for the appointment of a personal representative is pending or has been granted; and
- Thirty days have elapsed since the death of the decedent; and
- The value of the entire assets of the estate, not including homestead and exempt property, does not exceed $50,000; and
- There is filed with the clerk of the court having jurisdiction and venue an affidavit sworn to by two disinterested witnesses, by all such distributees that have legal capacity, and, if the facts warrant, by the natural guardian or next of kin of any minor or the guardian of any other incapacitated person who is also a distributee, which affidavit shall be examined by the judge of the court having jurisdiction and venue; and
- The affidavit shows the existence of the foregoing conditions and includes a list of all of the known assets and liabilities of the estate, the names and addresses of the distributees, and the relevant family history facts concerning heirship that show the distributees' rights to receive the money or property of the estate or to have such evidences of money, property, or other rights of the estate as are found to exist transferred to them as heirs or assignees; and
- The judge, in the judge's discretion, finds that the affidavit conforms to the terms of this section and approves the affidavits; and
- A copy of the affidavit, certified to by said clerk, is furnished by the distributees of the estate to the person or persons owing money to the estate, having custody or possession of property of the estate, or acting as registrar, fiduciary or transfer agent of or for evidences of interest, indebtedness, property, or other right belonging to the estate.
You can probate a will without an attorney as long as you can properly represent yourself in court in front of the judge and are aware of the proper paperwork to file before and after the hearing with the judge.
If the estate only consist of Life Insurance or Death Benefits to be paid out, usually you do not have to go through Probate court. Life Insurance and other death benefits are usually paid directly to beneficiaries named by the decedent.
What is a Guardian?
One who has the legal authority and duty to care for another's person or property, because of the other's infancy, incapacity, or disability. A guardian may be appointed either for all purposes or for specific purposes.
A guardian, usually a lawyer, appointed by the court to appear in a lawsuit on behalf of an incompetent or minor party.
A person who is impaired by an intoxicant, by mental illness or deficiency, or by physical illness or disability.
A Power of Attorney is a written document by which a person legally delegates to someone else a part or all of his/her authority to make legal decisions on certain matters on a short or long-term basis.
Only one person may be appointed as guardian of the person or estate, but one person may be appointed guardian of the person and another of the estate, if it is in the best interest of the ward. There may be exceptions that allow husband and wife to serve as co-guardians.
If a guardian dies, resigns, or is removed, the court may, on application and on service of notice as directed by the court, appoint a Successor Guardian. A Successor Guardian has the powers and rights and is subject to all of the duties of the preceding guardian.
- A guardian of the person or of the estate of a ward is required to give bond, EXCEPT:
- A bond is not required to be given by a guardian that is:
- When a will that is made by a surviving parent and is probated in a court in this state or a written declaration that is made by a surviving parent directs that the guardian appointed in the will or declaration serve without bond, the court finding that the person is qualified shall issue letters of guardianship of the person to the person named to be appointed guardian in the will or declaration without requirement of a bond for the guardian of the estate of a ward, regardless of whether a surviving parent's will or declaration directs the court to waive the bond.
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